Friday, 24 October 2014

Organic Fruit & Veg Boxes: Better for the environment - Better for you.

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Having fresh and organic vegetables arrive on your doorstep is not only something that happens when you fall in love with a farmer, it's a life choice which can benefit everyone.

Apart from it's convenience, there are many reasons why ordering a vegetable box straight from a farm makes more sense than buying from the middle-men supermarkets. It's healthier, it's seasonal and it is certainly better for the environment. If the fact that it is organic September is not reason enough to give it a try, some information from the Soil Association and the farms themselves may entice us.

From the NHS to the World Health Organisation, all the big names are telling us to eat our five a day of fruit and veg and have been for a long time.

Despite this, the papers are reminding us that obesity is still rising, and diets are getting worse. Looking at the supermarket shelves, we can see why. Processed foods packed with sugar, salt, MSG are the norm, and the vegetables have, according to many of our grandparents and food critics, stopped tasting of vegetables. How is that even possible? It is not surprising that the kids don't want to eat them!

There is scientific evidence, gathered by the Soil Association, which shows that the way vegetables are produced effects their nutritional content and flavour. For example, organically grown vegetables contain 60% more antioxidants, less nitrogen and cadmium.

As well as the flavour of the vegetables, buying direct from the farm means that we eat more seasonal vegetables, which reduced carbon emissions from importing and exporting and localises the economy. Companies such as Abel and Cole, an organic food producer and supplier, provide seasonal recipe cards in their veg boxes to help people create tasty meals all year round. It is lovely to know where the food you are putting in your body comes from and it is possible to visit many of the farms and be in contact with the growers of your vegetables.

Rachel Lovell from Riverford Organics tells us that Riverford is owned by a British farmer, so all the revenues are invested back into British farming and the local economy. The farmers are also guaranteed a fixed price for their produce which means that they get a fare return, and avoids small scale farmers going bankrupt because of the volatility in the market. They currently supply 45,000 homes a week across Britain. The great thing is, she tells me, is that they choose their vegetable varieties based on the way they taste rather than their yield or growth rate. This makes for some tasty soups now the autumn is approaching!

Many organic farms have wildlife protection schemes too which supports biodiversity in Britain and ethical livestock farming. It is often possible to leave out the old box for them to collect when they drop off the new one which reduces packaging and waste. All in all, they are farms which you can trust are making the best efforts to protect the environment and everything in it. Many of them also sell other products such as meat, dairy and eggs, which can make the switch to organic and ethical even easier.

Having a vegetable box delivered to your door weekly or fortnightly could bring a smile to your face and more action in your kitchen - even without that romance with a farmer. To help find your nearest supplier, the Soil Association have a local scheme finder on their website. Alternatively, Riverford and Abel and Cole are nationwide companies with comprehensive websites and many other products available to browse online.

We asked Rachel Lovell from Riverford why exactly we should all make the switch....

What does your company offer that is special and what is your catchment area?

We are different from other large scale veg box businesses in that we are owned by a British farmer and all of the profits go back into British farming, rather than venture capitalists. Our focus is growing and selling food that's full of flavour, not getting the biggest profit margin possible. We deliver throughout most of England and South Wales.

What are the health benefits of eating organic vegetables? Are there benefits for farmers too?

We don't make claims about health benefits of organic food as that is for scientists to determine. However we know first hand as farmers that the way food is grown such as whether it is soil-grown or pushed on with artificial fertilisers, allowed to grow slowly or fed hydroponically, all of this absolutely influences how it looks, feels and tastes. We'd be amazed if these differences were not also evident in the nutritional content too. We select the tastiest vegetable varieties, not the highest yielding or the fastest growing, then grow them at their natural rate on mineral and nutrient rich soils, and we think our veg is some of the tastiest you can get. There are benefits to farmers too if they are Riverford suppliers as we guarantee all of our prices way in advance, giving a level of income security that is hard for farmers to get elsewhere.

How many boxes do you currently supply on a weekly basis?

Around 45,000 a week from our four regional farms in the UK

Do you get a box? What is your favourite autumnal seasonal recipe?

Riverford is a brilliant employer and we get free 'grade out' veg as part of the staff perks, so a vegbox would really leave me drowning in veg, wonderful though it is! In autumn as it gets colder my favourite recipe is sausage, kale and barley stew - amazing!

Do you think it would be possible for UK farmers if every household in the ordered a veg box? Would the infrastructure of farming have to change? If so how? What would this look like?

The infrastructure would absolutely have to change as there are not enough organic farms to meet demand. It takes three years to convert to organic so would not be simple - but it is supply and demand; farmers don't see a big enough demand to switch to organic. However the more organic farms we have in the UK the better as it would help with food security in some ways - organic farms are not reliant on imported artificial fertilisers and pesticides to grow their crops. It would also help our environment; organic farms support 50% more wildlife than conventional farms, with 30% more species.

- Interview and words by Laurie King

- Photos courtesy of Rachel Lovell at Riverford Organics

Tuesday, 16 September 2014

Charity: Let’s Hear It For The Little Guys

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We have all seen them: images of suffering people and animals presented to us during breaks in our entertainment time. In the UK we have endless amounts of entertainment - in Great Britain alone it has been predicted that by 2017 the entertainment industry will be worth £65.5 billion and television advertising makes up £4.7 billion of that estimate. Advertising is big business and incredibly lucrative. But whereas adverts for new products, new media and better services play to our pleasures, charity advertising mostly evokes guilt. It is not surprising we see these heart breaking images whilst we ourselves are relaxing on the sofa with, let’s be honest, not that much to worry about. Not that I blame charities for using such a method, it is some form of the truth and great parts of the world are in dire need of aid, many parts of this country are in dire need of aid, and these adverts serve to remind us of that. But the question has to be asked, at what point is the truth itself exploited for financial greed? At the end of the day ‘charity’ is a business - big business.

This time last year it was reported that 30 executives of the UK’s 14 leading foreign aid charities were earning six figure salaries. Concerns over the morality in such charities ensued. At a time when the financial market was grim at best; it proved controversial for such excessive salaries in an industry that was supposedly built on the nature of giving.

Regardless, charities continue to be funded by the public, but is that because we feel a genuine injustice in the world or because that cute animal behind bars on TV made us sad? And , after successfully achieving a donation, will that donation be put to good use (as we like to believe and are led believe it will) or will it be used to film even more scenes of sorrow to fund further growth in salaries?

With more money the marketing opportunities become infinitely better. And better marketing means more awareness of your cause. The titans of Charity such as Cancer Research, Macmillan Support, Oxfam, Save the Children, to name a few, all obviously do a lot of good in the world, and have the huge marketing power to reach across the nation and further. But it can’t be forgotten that they are competing with each other just like in any other industry, for your money. So many of the little guys get overshadowed and forgotten about just like the High Street. There are 180,000 registered charities in England and Wales but how many can you name? I’m struggling to make it to double figures. This doesn’t mean that their cause is any less worthy of donation, but perhaps people simply do not know about them. There are also countless charities that don’t reach the income threshold of £5,000 and don’t have to register with the Charity Commission. The income of the top charity (as recognised by the Charity Commission) earns £951,352 a year, but there are 68,550 charities earning between £0 and £10,000 a year.

Brand recognition may have something to do with the uneven distribution of donations amongst charities. A brand recognised across the world means it is trusted by millions, and charity works in just the same way. Expert advertising and marketing presents a professional image, the Breast Cancer Research adverts for example are well produced adverts that can be pleasurable to watch, complete with quick and easy donation systems means they will have a high success rate. Marketing methods used by smaller charities such as knocking on doors and leafleting are more cost effective but lack the emotive power of an advert, and that’s where the problem may lie. Who wants to be bothered at home by phone calls and visits from activists when you can easily text a number, donate an amount and still have the feeling of doing something good in the world, very few.

It is worth seeking out a charity where you have an active belief in the cause, because they may not always be able to get to you. And that, however cheesy the saying may be - charity really does start at home.

Makerble's goal is to connect you (potential donors) with the charities that you really care about and that mean something to you. Not only this but we aim chart the impact that your donation has through pictures, statistics and films so that the results are tangible. Makerble aims to bridge the gap between donating and wondering where your money has gone but also wants to strengthen the relationship between donor and cause.

- by Emily Wright
picture: copyright of The Times

Thursday, 11 September 2014

The Makerble Guide to Mental Health

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In the last decade, mental health in young people has sky-rocketed: shockingly nowadays suicide is the third leading cause of death in young adults. With one in four people experiencing depression at some time in their lives it seems to suggest that modern life takes its toll on all of us. With increasingly busy schedules and less time for ourselves we’ve given our top ten tips to make sure that you have a more positive day….

1. Do something for somebody else

They say it's always better to receive - and in fact giving has proven to be good for our health. Often in times of trouble and distress, we are so focused on our own problems and insecurities that we forget about others. A simple action on your part could really brighten somebody else's day, in turn making your effort feel more worthwhile: ring your mum; make your flat mate a cup of tea; give your colleague a compliment; help a little old lady across the road or donate to a cause you really care about. Trust us, your gesture will be appreciated.

2. Look after yourself

Give your body what it needs: whether be it more sleep, more vegetables, or more exercise. Lay off smoking so much, and treat a double-vodka coke for what it is - a treat.

When you're feeling unhappy it can be very tempting to hit the bottle or eat bad food. While initially it may seem like a good idea, it isn't and smoking, drinking or taking drugs will only do much more harm to your mental health.

3. Connect with loved ones

We heard that groan. Yes, even if your mother can talk Graham Norton into the ground, and your dad is only going to tell you that you chose the wrong degree. Today we have all the technology at our finger tips but research has found we are lonelier than ever. It's human instinct to want intimacy and friendship, and sometimes picking up the phone or sharing a joke with an old friend is all that it takes to lighten that mental load.

4. Do something that scares you

Try to live by this rule daily. It is easy to live your life trapped by your fears and insecurities, too timid to stand up to people who push into a queue, or too nervous to join a running club for the first time. If you start doing things you're normally too scared to do, you will open your world up to a whole host of new opportunities and friendships. Join that class, book yourself on a course or go for that job - what's the worst that could happen?

5. Wake up each day grateful for something

Every morning, say to yourself - out loud - one thing that you are grateful for. It sounds cheesy but it really works. My dad wakes up every day grateful that he is still physically able but it could be that you're thankful for the people you have in your life. Try to keep it as varied as possible.

6. Blast out your favourite music

Music is good for the soul: fact. If you need cheering up then blast out your favourite song in the shower, or combine hoovering the house with a good sing song. If you love music then book a slot in your local karaoke bar and enjoy a sing song with all your friends. Or, make yourself a good play list on Spotify, invite some friends round and listen to all your favourites.

7. Meditate

From Madonna to Oprah to Orlando Bloom, the celebs swear by it: just 15 minutes a day can make you feel calmer, happier and more in control. Find a calm place where you won't be disturbed and empty your mind: focus on slowly breathing in and out and just take time to just 'be' in the moment. If you need a bit of guidance then try you tube or buy a CD. Observe your thoughts and don't pass judgement on them: just watch them come and go. It puts you in a much better frame of mind for dealing with that hectic day ahead...

8. Try Yoga

Yoga is so good for you. Most of us spend our lives sitting in chairs, looking at screens and tapping away on tablets, phones and computers. Google local yoga classes in your area and sign up - you're body will be eternally grateful. Or, if you fancy trying it on your own first check out you tube for some beginner stretches.

9. Treat yourself

Sometimes you just need to be nice to yourself; whether that means going on a spending spree, going to the cinema, treating yourself to a delicious lunch or meeting up for drinks with friends, it's important to be kind to yourself. We get so preoccupied with working and our daily routines sometimes you have to remember what it is you enjoy doing and just do it!

10. Get some exercise

Exercise boosts the endorphins and is thoroughly good for the soul. Come rain or shine, there is nobody out there who will feel worse after a run or a kickabout - and the hardest bit is getting out the house. So dust off your trainers and get active.

We hope our pointers help make you feel happier - if you have been feeling down or stressed for a prolonged period of time it is definitely important to talk to your doctor or a mental health care professional.

- by Freya Morgan

Helplines and support groups

Samaritans (08457 90 90 90) operates a 24-hour service available every day of the year. If you prefer to write down how you are feeling, or if you are worried about being overheard on the phone, you can email Samaritans at

Childline (0800 1111) runs a helpline for children and young people in the UK. Calls are free and the number will not show up on your phone bill.

PAPYRUS (0800 068 41 41) is a voluntary organisation that supports teenagers and young adults who are feeling suicidal.

Depression Alliance is a charity for people with depression. It does not have a helpline, but offers a wide range of useful resources and links to other relevant information.

Students Against Depression is a website for students who are depressed, have a low mood or are having suicidal thoughts.

Bullying UK is a website for both children and adults affected by bullying.

Help for young men

Men may be more likely to avoid or ignore problems and many are reluctant to talk about their feelings or seek help when they need it.

A support group called the Campaign Against Living Miserably (CALM) is an excellent resource for young men who are feeling unhappy. As well as the website, CALM also has a helpline (0800 58 58 58).


Friday, 29 August 2014

Bestival - the Best Eco-Friendly Music Festival in the South

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Bestival aficionados are generally split into two groups – those who attend this fantastic music event each and every year, no matter the weather – and those who plan to go but haven’t quite managed to muster the motivation – yet. Well, the truth is the Bestival (or Besti as it’s more affectionately known) is arguably one of the most entertaining, eclectic music events of the summer – and it only takes one visit to get even the humblest of music lovers hooked.

So, what is it about the Besti that draws tens of thousands of visitors to the sunny Isle of Wight each September? It can’t be the promise of good weather – the Bestival site has been known to become a mud-bath on a fair few occasions. Could the attraction lie in the increasingly eco- friendly nature of the festival? Possibly - but it’s more likely the reason Bestival enthusiasts keep on coming back to this award winning festival time and again is simply due to the sheer variety of entertainment on offer. It isn’t just the headlining acts that make the Besti the best music festival in the south (though the organisers always take care to appeal to a myriad of musical tastes), it’s the ‘little’ touches that make the entire four day experience truly authentic – and (thankfully) far less commercial than its longer standing (and far bigger) counterparts.

Back in the day....

Ask anyone who went to Glastonbury in the late 80’s and early 90’s why it was such a brilliant music experience and the chances are they will tell you the same stories. A vibrant and welcoming atmosphere, diverse range of acts, manageable crowd sizes and a truly varied festival feel. Whilst Glasto is still considered one of the best festivals on offer in the UK, it is also one of the largest and, by way of reasoning, one of the most commercial. The Isle of Wight Bestival, however, is restricted by Island By-Laws which successfully limit the number of attendees at any one event. This is fantastic news for true music lovers – you get the full festival experience without having to strain your neck standing at the back of a 100,000 strong crowd (or queuing for three days to use the loo!). Add to this the numerous activities on offer (previous Bestival highlights have included everything from Zumba to stand-up comedy)and it’s little wonder that locals and ‘mainlanders’ alike trek to Robin Hill Country Park each September, safe in the knowledge that their Besti experience is going to be the best.


The Bestival is fast becoming one of the most eco-friendly music events of the year - but how exactly does this relate to you? Well, as a founding member of the Green Festival Alliance, the Bestival ethos is geared towards sustainability, simultaneously working to reduce (and highlight awareness of) our ‘carbon footprint’ by adopting energy saving practices. This awareness implicitly promotes a sense of social responsibility and encourages other festival organisers to look at ways of reducing the environmental impact associated with major music events. Put simply, adopting environmentally friendly practices via conservation of energy and reduction of carbon emissions helps to protect our planet – and who can argue with that?

Supporting Local Initiatives

Bestival founder Rob Da Bank also uses his music festival as a platform to support local initiatives and to highlight awareness of environmental topics. The ‘Bestival Bottle’ project is a fantastic educational programme which works in conjunction with the Footprint Trust to teach Island children about the importance of conserving water and recycling. This pioneering project has already helped countless school children understand a little more about the impact of their carbon footprint – and has arguably helped foster enthusiasm for the welfare of our globe in many young minds. Brilliant.

Other Eco-friendly Practices

Bestival organisers also highlight the use of public transport, encouraging as many visitors as possible to utilise the Island’s bus service or car share in a bid to reduce their carbon emissions. Likewise, the on-site Bestival shop sources 100% local produce, thereby reducing waste and supporting the local economy. Recycling is high on the agenda throughout the Bestival site itself, with recycling bags freely available in the campsite and incentives offered for return of bottles and cans to designated recycling hubs.

So, if you are off to the Bestival this summer, maybe you should take some time to consider how best you can reduce your carbon footprint, both at home and at play. After all, we only have one planet - and it is our job to look after it.

‘Take care of the earth and she will take care of you’ – Anonymous.

- by Annys Brady

Monday, 18 August 2014

Tanzania and Masai culture: exploring sustainability

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In July 2013 I had the fortune to travel to Tanzania: a 10 day trip concentrated in the north of the country, from Arusha to the Serengeti national park. Before embarking on a game park safari, we were lucky enough to experience and meet Masai people in their villages. The Masai number around 350,000 in Kenya and 200,000 in northern Tanzania, and hold tight to their unique customs, characterised primarily by nomadic settlements, a livelihood based on farming and herding, and the continuation of traditions such as colourful body piercings, decorations, and dances.

Traditional Masai dance at a local village, northern Tanzania

Delving a little further into Masai culture, we can discover how, as pastoral farmers they know that their environment is their host, as well as source of nutrition and wealth.

Living sustainably

The Masai are pastoral farmers, and as such, much of their wealth and well being are tied to their livestock. Mostly goats and cattle, these animals are the cornerstone of Masai culture. Indeed, a man’s worth is often derived from the quantity of cattle he owns, and they are often also used as dowry. A Masai’s livestock is more than just that - they are their primary source of food, income and social pride.

A Masai village and cattle in the sweeping hills of north Tanzania

A natural harmony

The Masai of East Africa have been living with and within nature for thousands of years. Being natives of the land they live with the mentality of mutual respect and necessity toward the earth, rather than taking it for granted. The land that the Masai now inhabit, known as Masai Community Land, is protected and stretches from Tanzania into Kenya, bordering, among others, the Serengeti natural park.

However, due to migration patterns and the lack of physical borders, the great wild animals of this park are not contained, consequently the Masai people at times share their habitat with the likes of wild elephants, wildebeest, and lions. It is a relationship that has existed among humans and animals for thousands of years, yet both have faced increasing threats from external changes in more recent history.

Primarily illegal poaching (for the wildlife), and the increased privatisation and capitalisation of land (for the Masai) have restricted their freedom and diminished their powers as the original inhabitants of this land.

Sustainable development

The Masai’s existence, prospering alongside rather than at the expense of their natural habitat, makes them a superb source of wisdom when it comes to sustainability in the east African grasslands. Pastoralists such as the Masai, for example, are known for adopting various sustainable strategies in their farming, including mobility, diversification, and herd flexibility. As such, the Masai and neighbouring Samburu have been praised for their sustainable approach in conservation and long-term farming in an arid habitat. The Samburu, for example, embrace conservation as a mechanism of development, a model that should serve as guidance for adopting a more sustainable future in the region.

The threats they face

Globalisation and rapid urbanisation in East Africa are the gravest ongoing current threat to the Masai and their pastoral lifestyle. Their protected land has slowly decreased to accommodate private farm and ranch enterprises, game parks, and towns, and many worry that Masai Community Land might not be a given for future generations. Another key issue is the huge flow of young people migrating to larger cities for their studies and looking for work. Although the Masai encourage their younger generation to spend a year away from their villages (a coming of age passage, with the hopes that they then wish to return by their own will), many never return, allured by the fast-paced promises of the cities. Furthermore, the Maa language of the Masai is often neglected and completely forgotten, especially as many young Masai leave their villages, and while local classes have been offered in efforts to recuperate it, the Maa language is slowly disappearing. This threat to the Masai heritage is tied back to the slow decline of the control they have over their protected land. Mary Sakuda, a Masai elder explains, “when we lose our land, we lose our language and then we lose our culture”.

A Masai mother with a small child wrapped on her back in a local village

Their philosophy

A Masai Prayer:

“Father-Mother Earth, We pray thee at sunrise and sunset, that you may not

abandon your sacred duty of sustaining our lives.

The water that quenches our thirst, the air that we breathe, the trees that

provide shade, and the animals that give us company, all make life real and

creation complete.

We the children of the Earth pray for wisdom, that we in turn may be good

custodians of these precious gifts to us and our unborn generations.

For if we fail to safeguard these resources, man's moral standing as the most

intelligent animal will be questionable.

Furthermore, if we fail Nature, we shall have failed ourselves and the

generations that come after us.

And judgement will be very harsh on us.”

~ Maasai Elder

- by Christina Anagnostopoulos

Monday, 11 August 2014

The best organic festival products

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For this year’s festival season I am not going to make the same classic mistake as last time.

There I was, wearing hemp and eating a vegan cupcake on the grass when the sun came out. I pulled out my generic brand of sun lotion and smothered myself in it happily. When I offered it around I was surprised that my friends snubbed it and persuaded me to look at the label to see the multinational name that owned the brand and, more importantly, the plethora of scary chemical names that sounded like swear words.

I had, up to that point, considered myself an ethical consumer, trying to eat organic and healthily, reusing and recycling clothes. I had even pulled out a funny old hat from my Grandmother's cupboard for the festival which I am not sure would even be counted as vintage. However, when it came to cosmetics, I was a blissfully unaware of what ingredients were used. After that rejection, I looked at the other beauty products in my toiletry bag; my toothpaste, my lipstick, my deodorant, my moisturiser: I was horrified.

Many people are turning to organic cosmetics as they have figured that many traditional cosmetics contain harmful, carcinogenic ingredients. The Campaign for Safe Cosmetics has been active since 2004 and has funded much research which links different chemicals in cosmetics to cancer. It is also important to consider the effects of toothpaste that we spit out into the bushes at festivals or the ozone corroding CFCs in our spray deodorants and other products.

It all makes sense to me; why put something on your body that you wouldn’t put in your body? Organic ingredients are good for your skin and contain essential minerals. This year, my toiletry bag is ready to go full of healthy and happy products. I have considered both cost effectiveness and that each product does what is says on the tin (or no tin ☺). The best way to plan what to buy or make is to think, step-by-step, what I will need each day.

Generic music festival: 11am (ish!)

I wake up to the sounds of slow, relaxed footsteps, the sound of the first sound check, someone in the next tent still drinking from the night before: I will want to emerge from my tent fresh faced and smelling beautiful. I will put on some homemade deodorant first to fight off the odour. I found a great recipe on Wellness Mama’s blog which has loads of helpful hints for making your own products. This reduces the cost of organic cosmetics and feels really good! My deodorant is based on organic coconut oil, bicarb, arrowroot powder and tea tree oil and smells lovely and subtle.

Next, I will clean my teeth. I can do this in my tent using one of my LUSH toothy tabs . They are a ‘solid, waste-free, natural alternative to regular toothpaste’ reads the Lush catalogue. LUSH is a great company with ethical standards, totally natural ingredients and they support many charities and social enterprises too.

Once I have washed my face with a bar of Dr Bronner’s magic soap I need to apply sun lotion to make sure I don’t burn in this hot weather. Aloe Pura sun lotion was highly recommended, and not too expensive, with an SPF of 15 or 25.

Now I apply a little lipstick, naturally clashing with my mix match outfit. LUSH make beautiful vibrant colours - although Wellness Mama has great recipes too if you want to avoid the brands.

As for a few extras that I will use when I hit the shower block - Faith in Nature do organic shampoo and can be found in Oxfam. I am using Coconut oil as moisturiser which I love. Some people say that organic yoghurt is great for your skin and reduces acne, though those ten minutes I will have to wait before washing it off may upset the rest of the queue! Crunchy Betty has a blog all about making hair and beauty products from what is in your food cupboard which can help save on costs and avoids chemicals that can sneak their way in to even the more ethical brands.

The internet is full of useful tips that have helped me switch all of my beauty products to organic, without spending a significant amount. Now I feel that I am nourishing my body, not only with the food choices I make but with the beauty products I use. I will sip happily on my locally brewed ale at the festivals year, and won’t be scared to pull out my sun lotion or lipstick for a top up.

- by Laurie King

Tuesday, 5 August 2014

One down and one to go for Rio de Janeiro

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After seven years of planning and 31 days of hosting, the most expensive football tournament in history is over. By the time the final accounting has been done, the bill is likely to exceed £80 million, more than three times the cost of hosting the same event in South Africa four years ago. Attendance at the tournament topped 3.4 million, the second highest figure in tournament history – but with the Rio de Janeiro Olympics looming, the economic advantages of hosting the World Cup are unlikely to reach the Brazilian community.

For those not entirely familiar with the preparations needed for the Olympic Games in comparison to the World Cup, some context; The World Cup is one competition over one month involving just under 750 footballers, the Olympics – dozens of events in two weeks with over 10,500 athletes, all who need accommodation alongside the 45,000 volunteers and around 21,000 media members from 200 participating nations. To top it all off, Rio de Janeiro was the site of only seven World Cup games, with generated broadcasting amounting to a few hundred hours, the Rio Olympics will be around 6,000. However, like the World Cup, there is potential to increase tourism and influence foreign investment, as well as provide temporary jobs for Rio's inhabitants.


Unfortunately the bill is going up quicker than the stadiums, it is thought the Olympics project is some 25-50% over budget, with the cost of the games currently standing at £93 million, a 23% increase from the original 2009 estimate.

Overruns and suspected corruption have so far added billions to the cost of the Olympics, money that undoubtedly would have been better spent on education or health care. Several projects that politicians promised would improve urban living standards in Brazil have been dismissed entirely, with many more delayed despite the extravagant spending. One commitment the government haven't failed to see through is the pacification programme which has supported the renovation of neighbourhoods in Rio de Janeiro and even encouraged the establishment of hotels and businesses in hillside favelas. The programme has significantly reduced the power of crime groups in Rio. The general aim for these gangs is to harass government forces but avoid direct confrontation which results in casualties within the group, meaning they are now fleeing when faced with soldiers and armoured vehicles as opposed to causing shootouts on civilian doorsteps.

While trying to avoid unnecessary fatalities in the favelas, the government have been criticised for the deaths caused by hurried preparations. At the beginning of July, a highway overpass in World Cup host city Belo Horiztone collapsed onto traffic below, killing two people, with a further eight construction workers dying while building stadiums for the World Cup. Brazilian officials are hoping to avoid such tragedy in the run up to the Olympics, however with the increased pressure of hosting a multi-sport competition the workforce are already pushed to their limits, with 3,000 men on 22 hour split shifts to ensure the 12 venues are ready. As part of its Olympic bid in 2009, Rio pledged to host "Green Games for a Blue Planet”, the city of 6.3 million promised to use clean energy, clear the city's clogged streets, preserve its natural spaces, and upgrade its favelas to more urbanized spaces with functioning utilities, public transportation, and other amenities. Officials have already admitted defeat on a promised 'legacy' project, saying that the 80% cleanup of the Guanabara Bay where discarded furniture, dog carcasses and human corpses are seen floating will not be possible, meaning the Olympic sailing competitions will have to be held in a less polluted part of the water outside the bay or at its entrance.

The decision to build the Olympic Park and nearby golf course in a wetlands area was also not a wise one. Small alligators have been spotted wandering around the golf course, and visitors have complained about swarming mosquitoes in the area and the neighbouring athletes village.

Though there were protests before and during the World Cup, the games were a success, fans were delighted (until the semi-finals that is) and Brazil enjoyed a large tourism boost. This has given Brazilian officials and the International Olympic Committee a dash of optimism that the first summer games to be held in South America may be a success, even if 10 of the 16 olympic venues are not scheduled to be completed until early 2016, with one of those – set to be holding seven of the events – being behind by two years. “If you need highways and airports, you should be able to build them without throwing a big, expensive party for the rest of the world". Sports economist Dennis Coates advises countries against bidding for worldwide events on the premise they will drive economic growth or spur building of infrastructure.

While there is very little charity going on to support the production of the Olympics, Rio de Janeiro's mayor will be offering free tickets to the 2016 Summer Olympics to make crowds more diverse, fans attending World Cup games didn't reflected the ethnic makeup of South America’s most populous country and tickets will be allocated to those earning the lowest wage to remedy this. One charity hoping its good work will pay off at the Rio Paralympic games is the Urece Sports and Culture for the Blind. Based in Rio de Janeiro the organisation – led by people with visual impairments - develops lessons, sports training, workshops and special projects for people of all ages with visual disabilities. Another volunteer run charity who will be contributing to the sporting legacy of Rio is International Volunteer HQ. Recognising that sports have become vital for Rio's lower income communities, the project aims to provide children with friendly competition in a safe and fun environment, assisted by coaches who work with the children teaching a mixture of familiar and unfamiliar activities. IVHQ also runs projects in Community Development, Teaching English and Working With Children, benefiting Rio in its entirety through the generosity of volunteers who realise that no one can make it through life without someone else's help.

- by Emma Willis